Integrated Pest and Crop Management
Biological Control:
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...from I to Z
Apple IPM

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ACPA - IPM: The Way Forward For The Crop Protection Industry, produced by the Global Crop Protection Federation (GCPF), published by American Crop Protection Association (ACPA). IPM - The way forward for the crop protection industry illustrates the principles of IPM and ways in which the crop protection industry supports its wider adoption. Document covers topics like Products and services required for IPM, Basic components of an IPM programme, IPM implementation and more. You will also find links to other ACPA web pages and to GCPF home page.

Agricultural Pest Management (APM), Mississippi State University. APM is an interdisciplinary program of study in Entomology, Plant Pathology and Weed Science. Available: What is APM, courses, cooperative education. Select 'Faculty & Staff' to get information on research interests and their Online Publications.

Alabama Integrated Pest Management, Auburn University. Part of the National IPM Network. Main sections: Weekly Pest Updates, National IPM Network, IPM Newsletters, Pests & Commodoties, IPM Sites, Alabama Pesticide Information. On the left you will find a menu which points to further information services (e. g. IPM in schools). In Pest & Commodities you will find detailed IPM Information on general aspects, Urban & Household and Crop IPM (e. g. beans, cotton...) whereas in weekly updates you will find the latest information.

Association of Natural Bio-Control Producers (ANBP), a nonprofit corporation made up of producers, distributors and users of natural enemies of agricultural pests, as well as industry supporters, researchers and government representatives.

"Beet" - pest management simulation for a sugar beet crop, Centre for Computer-based Learning (CBL) in Land Use and Environmental Sciences (CLUES), University of Aberdeen. "Beet" uses sugar beet as a case study to enable students to gain experience of the issues and risks involved in executing a strategy for pesticide management in crop production. It is presented as a game in which players manage a beet crop on 40 hectares and can be given a variety of objectives, from maximising profits to minimising the environmental effects of pestidice use.

Biocontrol of Plant Diseases Laboratory (BPDL), USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD. The biocontrol of plant diseases laboratory, part of the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS), carries out basic and applied research to discover, improve, and implement methods for biological control of plant pathogens and weeds using beneficial microorganisms. Information on this server: Background information on Biological Control, FAQs, Mission Statement, Staff, Links, and Contact. Research Areas (selected): Biological control microorganisms against soilborne plant pathogens, Soil Science, Use of beneficial soil fungi to control plant pathogenic wilt fungi, plant microbe-interactions, plant-beneficial bacteria, ecological factors that affect performance of biocontrol agents ... and more.

Biocontrol Network - Integrated Pest Management Solution for a small World. Pest control alternatives for agriculture, horticulture, commercial and residential use. You will find preventative management resources including bio-intensive pest control, organic farm and garden products, educational materials and global community feedback.

Biological Control, Embrapa, Base de Dados Tropical, Brazil. Databases: Biological Control of Insects, Who is Who in Biodiversity and Risk Analysis, introduction of biocontrol agents in Brazil. Further available: Publications, Discussion list (Biocontrol-L).

Biological Control Area as a part of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (CENARGEN/EMBRAPA).

Biological Control Homepage - A guide to natural enemies in North America, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station (NYSAES), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University. Biological control of major insects, diseases and weed pests in North America, photographs, discriptions. It is divided into four main sections: Predators, Parasitoids, Pathogens & Antagonists and Weed Feeders. At the bottom you will find an index to Table of contents, search, index and links. For each natural enemy you will get detailed information like habitat, life cycle, pests attacked, effectiveness and more. This is one of the "Must Visit" Sites for Biological Control on the Web. An excellent organized service with extreme useful information. Highly recommended!

Biological Control Laboratory, Purdue University. Research on: Spined Soldier Bug (Podisus maculiventris), Mealybug Destroyer (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri), Efficacy of Natural Enemy Attractants in Maize, Natural Enemies of Colorado Potato Beetle, Survey of Natural Enemies in Home Vegetable Gardens. Teaching: graduate courses & workshops.

Biological Control Virtual Information Center, maintained by NSF Center for Integrated Pest Management and the Consortium for International Crop Protection. What is Biological Control, where can it be used and how to use it. Links to governmental sites, universities and other IPM sites.

Biological Control of Pests Research Unit (BCPRU), Subtropical Agricultural Research Laboratory (SARL), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), USDA. Research Programs: Sweetpotato whitefly, Foreign exploration for natural enemies of Bemisia tabaci, Boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis), simulation modelling, pepper weevil, Trichogramma, effects of fungal pathogens on non-target beneficial insects. Mission statement, Annual reports, personnel.

Biological Control Programs, Plant Protection Center, USDA, APHIS, Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ). Mission: To implement biological control technologies in a cooperative effort with Federal and State agencies to control pests of economic importance. Athropod and Weed Biological Control. In both areas you will get a list of projects with detailed information about it. At the end of the document you will find the backlinks to APHIS and PPQ.

Carribean IPM Working Group, maintained by the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Kingston, Jamaica. Integrated Pest Management - A Modern Perspective. Links to other IPM sites, the Sustainable Agriculture Page and to the Carribean Mycorrhiza Network (CARIVAM).

CGIAR System-wide Programme on IPM, the system-wide programme of integrated pest management (SP-IPM)is a part of the Consultive Group for International Agricultiural Research (CGIAR). Available Information: What is the SP- IPM?, Current status and activities, CGIAR policy on IPM, IPM at the International Agrciultural Research Centers, Projects, Resources and new SP-IPM Task Forces. Of special interest: You can use this site as a starting point to explore the activities of the IPM-Centers of this Initiative like CYMMIT or ICARDA.

Cocoa Integrated Pest Management, sponsored by The American Cocoa Research Institute (ACRI) in collaboration with The Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). Available Information: Integrated Pest Management, Field Pests of Cocoa, Storage Pests of Cocoa Beans, Diseases of Cocoa (e. g. black pod, Monilia, Witches' broom), Weed Control (including a glossary and classification of weeds), Seminars & Workshops, Feature Articles, General IPM and News (including meeting announcements).

Colorado Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS), Colorado State University. Here you will find the CAPS Biocontrol Maps which give you information on biocontrol releases in Colorado.

Commercial Biocontrol Products for use against soilborne diseases. Compiled by D. Fravel, Biocontrol of Plant Diseases Laboratory (BPDL), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Beltsville, USA. An alphabetic list of commercially available products for (microbial) biocontrol of plant pathogens. For each product the following information is available: Biocontrol organism, target organism, crops, formulation, application method, manufacturer.

Compendium of IPM Definitions (CID) , a Collection of IPM Definitions and their Citations in Worldwide IPM Literature. Published by: Consortium for International CropProtection (CICP, New York State Agricultural Exp. Station) and Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC, Oregon State University). Available: About CID, Preamble, Comments. Go to the Definitions: Select anEra, search or go to the index.

Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS), Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, College of Agriculture, University of Wyoming, USA. The CAPS program in Wyoming is maintaining databases on Biocontrol on noxious weeds, insects and surveys for cereal leaf beetle and gypsy moths.

Database of IPM Resources (DIR), Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP), New York Agricultural Experiment Station,Geneva, New York and the Integrated Plant Protection Center (IPPC), Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. Currently, DIR uses four indexing approaches: General Index of DIR (various IPM topics), Search Engine, Select a Crop (most agricultural and horticultural crops), and Website Gateway.

Ecologically based Pest Management - A Solution for a new century. National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, 1996. From the executive summary: Cultural & Biological Approaches to Pest Management, Developing a Knowledge Base, Public Oversight of ecologically based Pest Mamagemnet, A New Era.

ESCOP PMSS Biological Control Working Group. The Biological Control Working Group (BCWG) fosters the development and implementation of biological control of pests and pathogens as the central component of an ecologically-based approach for integrated pest management (IPM).

European Biological Control Laboratory (EBCL), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Montepellier, France. Programs: Insect Pathology, Insect Parasites & target pests, Weed pathogens & parasites. Detailed description of programs and research are provided. Further available: General Information, EBCL Staff, Literature, Links.

European Consortium for Agricultural Research in the Tropics (ECART). Available: ECART - Capability to Promote Development and selected case studies.

FAO - Integrated Pestmanagement (IPM), Plant Protection Service, Agricultural Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), Rome, Italy. Aim: Implemantation of IPM projects from institutional to farmer level. Available Information: Welcome, Issues (concerning IPM and pesticides), activities (applicable research results, policy changes for IPM, farmer particpatory training programme), Expansion (IPM in rice, cotton, vegetables, legumes, maize), Publications (e. g. IPM in Ghana), links, about FAO, feedback, Links to the weed group and CyberPest of FAO.

Insect Pathology, Plant Protection Research Unit (PPRU), located at Cornell University, USA. Learn more about Fungi as Biocontrol Agents of Pest Insects of Agricultural Crops. Research Objectives: Fungal bioassays for selected agents; mechanisms of fungus persistence, survival, and the dispersal in agricultural environment; fungal virulence for target insects. Links to related sites. Meet the Biocontrol Team to get details on their research interests.

Gempler's IPM Solutions, published by Gempler's, Inc., Mt. Horeb, WI, USA. Various topics on IPM.

Global Crop Pest Identification & Information, Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development. The prototype of the Global Crop Pest Identification and Information Services in Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This WWW site will help to increase crop pest diagnosis and IPM information capability among extensionists and farmers of developing countries. Improvement in pest identification and pest biology and ecology will allow an increase in the adoption of IPM practices to control crop pest problems. Get the required information by choosing the crop or the pest organism.

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Agpple IPM:

Rhode Island Apple IPM, University of Rhode Island (RI). Available: RI Apple Newsletters, pest report (current and archive) and RI Fruit Growers Meetings.

Apple IPM Programm, University of Maine Cooperative Extension (UMCE). Available: Weather links, Orchard Radar decision support tools, Pest Management Information (Newsletters, Fact sheets, IPM Links, Pesticide information) and mission statement.

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